Sunday, December 02, 2012

The 9 Different Modes of Transportation in the Philippines

For the past  2 years in blogging. I have been in few places in the Philippines with that period. Taking photographs of this kind, the different modes of transportation in the Philippines, is also one of my fascinations. The different modes of transportation of the Philippines -----is a true expression of  Filipino Ingenuity and originality. 

Every culture in every country has its own way of expression, especially in transportation design. Talking about Filipino Ingenuity, we Filipino were also have the potentials on design innovation such as a uniquely designed transportation like the Multicabs, Jeepneys, tricycles and the habal-habal (a single motorcycle utilized as public transportation for hire), to mention a few.

With this Filipino ingenuity and innovations, I can say, that it bears a unique style and identity of becoming a Filipino. And because of these variety of styles, we were distinguished among other countries in Asia. I've been featuring posts in places, beaches, festivals and even building structures and architectures. This time, I am featuring the different modes of Transportation in the Philippines, my country and that became as our unique identity.

1. Multicab.
MULTICAB - A multicab carrying wood
furnitures, transporting to Kibawe, Bukidnon.
Multicabs are manufactured in Japan.  Most common are Suzuki brand multicabs. Suzuki brand multicabs varies with different engine displacement. It has 6 valve, 12 valve and even 16 valve engine displacement. Fueled with gasoline. In the Philippines, some of these vehicles are utilized as public transportation with a capacity of more or less 10 passengers. But in Japan, they utilized this one as haulers in farm produce or in some specific purpose. 

Some design innovators in the Philippines, cut the chassis and put a few inches of chassis, and welded it for extension. With this, it can accommodate more than 10 passengers. Extended capacity would be 12-14 passengers. Some of these manufactured vehicles were  4 x 4 multicabs and capable to run on rough roads or rough terrains.

2. Tora-tora or Kulig-lig :
They called this one as Tora-Tora
In Mindanao, some called it as Tora-tora. In Luzon, it is called as Kulig-lig. The motor engine of the Tora-tora or Kulig-lig, is designed for boat's engine and has the capacity to propelled with considerable speed. 

This tora-tora was originally a design innovation from Luzon. And because of mass migration of people from Luzon to Mindanao, they also brought this Filipino Technology to haul farm produce, like palay (rice hull) in rice agricultural lands.Tora-tora can also be called a tricycle. But the only difference is the engine. The engine of "tora-tora" can also be used for boats. The word tora-tora was originated during Japanese time, it  means "tiger-tiger", but apparently, it was the secret code for the bombing of the Pearl Harbor.

3. Single Motorcycle 

Single Motorcycle
Single motorcycle is designed to two passenger capacity. But here in the Philippines, it can accommodate or carry four people, with 2 kids and 2 adults. Most of the private citizens in the Philippines, especially those who are below the medium income earning bracket, prefer single motorcycle for easy ride and transportation. This type of single motorcycle transportation are many in numbers in the mountainous areas like here in Bukidnon. Convenient to handle when parking areas in the suburbs is fully occupied. Today, when the prices of fuel is high, a four-stroke single motorcycle is highly recommended because of less in fuel consumption. But during rainy days, single motorcycle is not comfortable to ride. 

4. Trike or Tricycle :
Tricycle at General Santos City
For more safety rides in concrete jungle, tricycle is highly recommended because of its balance and more stable than single motorcycle. The balance is supported with the third wheel. Because of this third wheel installed on the right side of the trike's body, this became and called  as tricycle, that means, three wheeled vehicle. This name was derived from three wheeled cycle and were shortened to tricycle. The short cut name of tricycle, is trike. Originally, the wheel of a tricycle is in front and the two wheel at the back and propelled by a pedal. But here in the Philippines, two in the left side and the third one is in the right side.

5. Passenger Jeepneys :
A passenger jeepney with a barker at the rear
Maybe today, passenger jeepneys is one of the very famous mode of transportation in the Philippines. That maybe because of its original and authentic Filipino design. Philippine Jeepney design was patterned from an American War jeepney. After Americans left numbers of Jeepneys here in the Philippines, Filipinos converted those jeepneys into public utility vehicles.    Tagged as the "King of the Road", jeepneys here in the Philippines earned recognition worldwide as Filipino's unique creativeness and ingenuity.

6. Habal-habal :
"Into the Millenium"
Far flung places, like Barangays in Malaybalay City, in-availability of a 4-wheel public transportation, having dirt roads and an undeveloped one, gave birth with this type of a public transportation, the Habal-habal

Habal-habal is a modified single 4-stroke motorcycle. Its modification is providing a canvass roofing,  with a wood support, that serves as rain visor. It can accommodate up to 5 passengers, including the driver. I've been in some places in the Philippines, but this type of transportation is also available here in Malaybalay City, particularly those that are plying to and from Barangay Can-ayan. This type of a single motorcyle, a public transportation  utilized to transport farm produce.

The "Habal-habal" word is a visayan term, which means breeding in livestock production, like in a piggery farm. To "Habal" means to hop-in and  then starts the breeding activity for hog production.

7. Skylab :
Skylab was a space station launched and operated by NASA (a space agency of the United States) and was the United States' first space station in 1973. According to WIKI,  plans were made to refurbish and reuse Skylab, using the Space Shuttle to boost its orbit and repair it. However, development of the Shuttle was delayed, and Skylab reentered Earth's atmosphere and disintegrated in 1979, with debris striking portions of Western Australia.

But here in the Philippines, "skylab" is a type of a public transportation driven by a single motorcycle with two (2) flat wood slab installed in both sides. It is utilized mainly to transport farm produce, construction materials and any other things that can be carried by this single Filipino innovation motorcycle, including passengers. This type of public transportation exists in Rural and in remote areas in the Philippines, particularly in Mindanao. Some exist in other parts of the country. Skylab is also called a Habal-habal.

8. Motorela 
Motorela was designed and invented by Raphael Floirendo, and originated in Cagayan de Oro City in 1964, with Patent No. 2243. The term Motorela derived from two words, a motorized and "caretella"  (horse-drawn carriage), or a motorized carriage.

Through the years, innovations were made, until the design became like a jeepney. The only difference is the single front wheel.

Raphael’s family was from northern Luzon migrated to Cagayan de Oro, where he finished his secondary education at the Ateneo de Cagayan-Xavier University. He obtained degrees in Business Administration and Agriculture at the Far Eastern University and Araneta University in Caloocan, respectively.

Raphael fell in love with Doctor Zenaida. Dr. Zenaida Floirendo was one of the founders of the Cagayan de Oro Medical Center—the oldest private health care institution in Mindanao. They were blessed with nine children. Raphael already loved cars at young age, which eventually led him to take a keen interest on automotive. The family controlled the automotive market in Northern Mindanao as dealer of Ford and the car outlet was named as ANFLO MOTORS (Anflo Group) at the heart of Cagayan de Oro, and where the Ayala Centrio is located today.

9. Philippine Buses
Philippine Buses were patterned from the buses of our neighbors, especially  like the Rural Tours of Mindanao Inc. or RTMI) Buses,  managed by the Yanson Group of Companies in Bacolod. 

Obviously the design of their buses were patterned from the "Kinglong" buses, of China.

Their buses are deployed everywhere in the Philippines and these are the types of transportation that you will encounter once you are in Mindanao. RTMI buses right now were locally manufactured here in Bacolod, Philippines, but still engines were imported from other countries, because until now, whether we like or not, Philippines has not invented yet at least one engine.

So, after reading this post, you are now familiar with some of the modes of transportation here in the Philippines, its name's origin and where it was originally built like the motorela. As far as different modes of transportation here in the Philippines are concern, so far, I captured only nine (9) of them. 

These types of transportation are dispersed in different parts of the country. 

Filipino ingenuity and  uniqueness in  designing of these type of transportation, can also be one of the reasons on why IT IS MORE FUN IN THE PHILIPPINES.

6 Con Tour Passers by:

  1. nasubukan ko na sumakay sa lahat ng'to... except sa Skylab...payag ako basta ako yong mag ddrive...nice post sir BonZ..:)

  2. nasubukan ko na lahat yan hahahaha

    1. Which one did you enjoyed much., Anciro?

  3. interesting compilation. yung kuliglig na yan sobrang delikado. dami na aksident dyan. meron pa ako nasakyan na iba, parang tricy cya na maliit na jeep. it seats 6 sa likod and 2 sa harap :)

    1. Baka ang ibig mong sabihin Nik, yong motorela... parang tricycle cya nga na maliit na jeep. (Four wheeled yong motorela).


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